Emergency: Please Donate to ForbiddenKnowledgeTV!

For nearly 5 years, we have striven to keep this service free for all - but must now ask for voluntary donations from the viewers who enjoy this site.

According to my mass-emailing service, I receive an average of 20,000 page views per day, sometimes much more but usually not much less. This is the traffic which I receive from subscribers of my newsletter and to whomever they may forward my newsletters.

According to traffic reporting site, Quantcast, of which my website has a widget installed (and which, as is the industrial norm, under-reports actual traffic by roughly 10%), the unique monthly visitors to my site amounts to 4X the amount of subscribers that I have on my emailing list.

Most of this much larger set of traffic is generated by search engine results. My webpages used to appear in the first or as one of the top results in Google searches for specific terms related to the articles on my website's 4,000+ pages. However, lately, search results have more commonly begun displaying my webpages at the bottom of the second page, which has had the effect of reducing this larger body of traffic.

My advertising service, however has been reporting and paying me for roughly half of the reported newletter traffic, which does not even include this 4X-larger body of traffic to my website. The upshot, is that, within 3 short months, my steady advertising income of almost 5 years, which enabled me to offer FKTV for free for all - has now dwindled to 1/5th of what it has been (down from 1/3rd, last month). The advertising income has comepletely fallen off a cliff, without any explanation from Google, other than to suggest that I fill in forms, using 50 words or less. I can no longer pay my basic bills, let alone the site's overhead, with my site income, as I have for almost 5 years.

It's obvious, that Google's counters are incorrect, either by their own doing or by a clandestine government cyber weapon, one of which has been written about by Glenn Greenwald, here: http://bit.ly/1qaz0Oh, as part of the leaks he received.

It is obvious that someone wants to put me out of business - and that they have been successful, insofar as destroying my current business model.

Several other Alternative Media sites have simultaneously experienced defunding, disintegration and massive channel views subtracted from their YouTube accounts.

It appears that the disturbing events that my business has experienced are part of a larger trend, aimed against the Alternative Media, in general.

Over the past several weeks, since this crisis became fully evident and was publicly announced, I've been intensely moved to receive the many kind, loving and appreciative letters - and checks. It makes me feel like I haven't wasted the past 5 years of my life. I am applying this money to migrating my website offshore, onto a secure VPN network. I will also physically move my actual person outside of the United States, as these events have left me feeling that I am personally not safe in this country.

During this transition of moving to another country, I won't have much time to find an alternative way to finance the site, as I'm also in the middle of releasing a feature film that I produced. I will probably have no choice but to rely on small recurring monthly donations, to keep this site going.

If you like this site and want to see it continue to exist, please click on the donation button below, which offers many different payment options and donate an amount that you feel comfortable with, whenever you can. You do not need to have a PayPal account to donate, via this button.

If you do not have a PayPal account, look toward the bottom left of the page that opens up, after you click on the button below, to follow those options:

We will also accept checks, sent to:

ForbiddenKnowledgeTV

P.O. Box 754

Vero Beach, FL 32961

USA

P.S. I cannot ever possibly adequately thank all of you, who have chipped in so far!

Stay tuned - I will be adding Bitcoin and other methods of contribution, soon!

Home | About Us | Contact | Subscribe

Forbidden Knowledge TV

Daily Videos from the Edges of Science

 
 

Did Ancient Egyptians & Mesopotamians
Have Electricity?

 
Subscribe to
Forbidden Knowledge TV
 

Absolutely free
Every time we post a new video,
we'll send you a notice by e-mail.

First Name:
E-mail address:
 
 
 

Navigation:    Home    Back    More videos like this

What was the "Baghdad Battery"?

2paacalipse
March 4, 2012

This clip claims that electricity was in use in Ancient Egypt and in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq), with evidence such as the "Baghdad Battery" and the lack of any candle soot in the magnificently painted walls of the tombs of Egyptian kings.

Wikipedia: "Baghdad Battery"

The Baghdad Battery, sometimes referred to as the Parthian Battery, is the common name for a number of artifacts created in Mesopotamia, during the dynasties of Parthian or Sassanid period (the early centuries AD), and probably discovered in 1936 in the village of Khuyut Rabbou'a, near Baghdad, Iraq. These artifacts came to wider attention in 1938 when Wilhelm Koenig, the German director of the National Museum of Iraq, found the objects in the museum's collections.

In 1940, Koenig published a paper speculating that they may have been galvanic cells, perhaps used for electroplating gold onto silver objects. Though far from settled, this interpretation continues to be considered as at least a hypothetical possibility. If correct, the artifacts would predate Alessandro Volta's 1800 invention of the electrochemical cell by more than a millennium.

Description and dating

The artifacts consist of terracotta pots approximately 130 mm (5 in) tall (with a one-and-a-half-inch mouth) containing a copper cylinder made of a rolled-up copper sheet, which houses a single iron or (galvanized nail) rod. At the top, the iron rod is isolated from the copper by bitumen plugs or stoppers, and both rod and cylinder fit snugly inside the opening of the jar, which bulges outward toward the middle. The copper cylinder is not watertight, so if the jar were filled with a liquid, this would surround the iron rod as well. The artifact had been exposed to the weather and had suffered corrosion, although mild given the presence of an electrochemical couple. This has led some to believe that wine, lemon juice, grape juice, or vinegar was used as an acidic electrolyte solution to generate an electric current from the difference between the electrochemical potentials of the copper and iron electrodes.

Electrical

Copper and iron form an electrochemical couple, so that, in the presence of any electrolyte, an electric potential (voltage) will be produced. This is not a very efficient battery as gas is evolved at an electrode, the bubbles forming a partial insulation of the electrode so that although several volts can be produced in theory by connecting them in series, their internal resistance from the formation of the gas bubbles becomes so great that it severely limits the electrical current that can be produced from such a simple wet cell.

Koenig had observed a number of very fine silver objects from ancient Iraq that were plated with very thin layers of gold, and speculated that they were electroplated using batteries with these as the cells. After the Second World War, Willard Gray demonstrated current production by a reconstruction of the inferred battery design when filled with grape juice. W. Jansen experimented with benzoquinone (some beetles produce quinones) and vinegar in a cell and got satisfactory performance.

However, even among those believing the artifacts to be electrical devices, electroplating as a use is not well-regarded today. Paul Craddock of the British Museum said "The examples we see from this region and era are conventional gold plating and mercury gilding. There's never been any untouchable evidence to support the electroplating theory."[5] The gilded objects that Koenig thought might be electroplated are now believed to have been fire-gilded (with mercury). Reproduction experiments of electroplating by Arne Eggebrecht consumed "many" reproduction cells to achieve a plated layer just one micrometre thick. Other scientists noted that Eggebrecht used a more efficient, modern electrolyte; using only vinegar, the battery is very feeble.





For more Ancient Civilizations videos, click here

See the complete catalog of
forbidden knowledge tv videos

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact